For 11.4.18

Learn Outlining in MS Word

Work through all the advice you will on my Outlining page to make MS Word your own powerful tool for note-taking, drafting, and thinking

  • Open up the “For 11.4.18 Homework Template “ file you will find on our Dropbox and “save as” “first name, date” to your hard drive before using it for your homework.
  • Copy this file and paste into the “For 11.4.18” folder on Dropbox by next Monday evening so that we all can review your work before Wednesday.
  • Don’t worry about being perfect, just work at it and bring questions about outlining and MS Word more generally

Outline Craft, Chapter 8: Claims

  • Read Strategically. As we demonstrated with the example of the pyramid, you want first to recognize the text’s structure, which in this case is organized around three basic criteria for evaluating claims, before diving down to examine any one of them
  • Note Strategically. As I demonstrated in class, if the text is built on three fundamental elements, create sub-heads for each of those three, then sub-sub-heads for the sub-sections within each
  • Look for different ways of reading. As we saw, some students have been trained to dive immediately into detail, which of course is good for some things, but for other dimensions you will want to develop different strategies: note how differently we read, take notes, and write so that you develop a versatile tool kit for thinking and writing
  • Read to discover. Once you’ve worked through the main argument, note the other advice offered along the way: this is advice, reflecting insight, and much of it will contribute to your overall understanding of what the craft of research is about

Look for, analyze, and memorize selected language examples

Analyze carefully the first four examples at the top of page 121 until you are convinced of the differences and see the very special power of each

  • Copy each sentence into its own sub-head
  • Interpret their explanation under each
  • Write this up in a way that will help you clarify the difference, understand the concepts more deeply, and apply your learning to your writing and thinking

Treat these rhetorical forms for the analytical and communication instruments that they are; addressing the following questions:

  • What does it mean to “imply an action,” and how is this different from “being explicit about what action you want them to take.”
  • What is the difference between suggesting someone “should”, “might”, or “must” do something: what are the risks of each?

These language forms are sophisticated, I myself had to read them a number of times to fully understand them, but once I’d done so I “got the hang of it” and so now they appear obvious: you will likely need to read, re-read, and discuss these forms with others

  • You will have learned them when you successfully apply them to your own work, so study them for your use!

What is meant by “the reader’s expectations”?

  • Who might your audience include and how different might their expectations be?
  • What is the difference between a conceptual and a practical claim?
  • Why put practical claims at the end of a chapter or report?

Explain the meaning and value of following four business criteria on page 121 in your own terms, and explain why professionals might apply these specific criteria to anything you write

  • Why your solution is feasible …
  • Why it will cost less to …
  • Why it will not create …
  • Why is it cheaper …

How to work with this advice

  • Learn and apply this approach After working with the study questions I have developed for this one page, develop your own for some of the pages that follow!
  • Transform these specific questions into your own I am trying to help you develop your skills, and that works when you try to make them your own
  • Work with others Discuss your work with others to check your understanding, clarify your thought, and to help you remember